Reciprocal Teaching Visual Concept Diagram
Reciprocal teaching is a strategy used to help pupils develop
a better understanding of what is presented in any given text.
It encourages interactive dialogue or discussion between teacher
and learners and is mostly used with pupils who have adequate
reading ability. A benefit of reciprocal teaching includes helping
pupils to read and strategically learn textbook material in a
systematic manner. The developmental stages and ages of pupils
determine the role that the teacher plays in modeling the strategy
or actively facilitating the interactive dialogue or discussion.
The Four Principles of Reciprocal Teaching
Pupils tell or explain what they have read from any given
selection from a text. Pupils summarize and highlight (can be
in the form of an outline) the important information in the
- Question Generating-
After reading and summarizing the selection in the text, questions
are formulated related to the information. These questions are
meant to help pupils further understand the selection that has
Any concepts or vocabulary that is troublesome or difficult
to understand is discussed. Attempts are made to clarify the
concepts or words either by the teacher or by utilizing available
resources to help bring meaning and clarification to the passage
or selection in the text.
Pupils further discuss the selection in the text and make predictions
about what will follow in the text. Pupils rely on prior knowledge
at this point and attempt to make meaningful connections related
to what they are reading and what they already know.
- A selection of any given text is distributed or assigned to
pupils individually or in a group (a teacher can also be included
in the reading of the text depending on the ages and stages
- A discussion then takes place between teacher and pupils (or
between the pupils assigned to small groups) about the selection.
- If small groups are used, a group leader is assigned. In any
case, a discussion leader leads the discussion on a given passage
or selection and creates a summary of what was read, generates
a question or set of questions to explore, identifies concepts
or terms that need clarification, and leads the discussion that
will ultimately determine a prediction about what will be discussed
next in the text.
- Optional: Notes can be taken to keep the momentum going
as pupils progress through each selected text.