Second grade is an exciting time for children, as their cognitive
abilities further open up the world of learning. More in-depth
than kindergarten or first grade, students are able to start applying
the skills that they have been learning to more challenging tasks.
Before second grade, many students lacked the full developmental
skills to apply all of their previous learning concepts. However,
by second grade, most students can practice their academic skills
and begin to use them with more ease. The numbers and letters
that they were struggling to write on worksheets previously can
now be turned into more difficult material, and second graders
are able to analyze problems more thoroughly to develop solutions.
Reading and writing skills improve
In the area of language and literacy, second grade students start
to see dramatic improvements. At the start of the school year,
students can complete basic homeschool worksheets on reading and
writing. As the year progresses, they will be able to take on
more difficult worksheets and books in the classroom and at home.
The important focus at this stage is for students to become fluent in reading
before progressing to harder books. Many students will start to
develop a flair for story writing as they become familiar with
sentence structure. Penmanship improves, and in some schools,
cursive writing may be introduced. If your child is still struggling
with writing letter correctly, consider using printable worksheets
for practice. Encourage your second grader to write from different
points of view, while emphasizing punctuation and proper spelling.
Introduction to complex math concepts
In math, the concepts also become more complex. Second graders
have a better grasp of number order, as well as group numbers,
but they may not always be able to physically count to high numbers.
Most math concepts in second grade build on the basic skills learned
the previous year, including adding and subtracting two-digit
numbers. Some teacher worksheets include the introduction of multiplication
and division, and some second grade classes will start working
on the times table and memorization of basic multiplication facts.
Exploring the environment around them
Many second graders enjoy opening their minds to the excitement
of science, since it involves the world around them. They may
start to make predictions on the phenomenon that occur in the
world around them. For instance, they may discuss whether items
will float or sink, or make predictions on the weather. They will
start to discuss natural resources and how they are used. It can
be a good time to go over the importance of energy conservation
as well. Some classes will delve into the history of the planet
by examining fossils, while others will look more deeply at the
different plant and animal groups. In some schools, students may
be responsible for caring for a class pet, teaching them about
the biological functioning of life.
Opening their eyes to the international world
Social Studies can also be an exciting subject, especially if
your second grader attends an ethnically diverse school. Social
Studies will discuss how communities and regions work together,
as well as the different cultures and customs. Students also focus
on resolving conflict or misunderstandings appropriately.
Second graders are more mature than they were a year ago, and
they no longer require experiences to learn things. However, they
may have difficulty imagining places or items that they have never
seen. Nonetheless, they are much better at understanding information
and new concepts, and they can start to compare items in the world
around them. Socially, they are starting to show more concern
about how they see and other people see themselves.
Second grade is an exciting time, where students both learn new
concepts and build on information that they have already learned.