What Do Students Learn in the 2nd Grade?

Second grade is an exciting time for children, as their cognitive abilities further open up the world of learning. More in-depth than kindergarten or first grade, students are able to start applying the skills that they have been learning to more challenging tasks.

Before second grade, many students lacked the full developmental skills to apply all of their previous learning concepts. However, by second grade, most students can practice their academic skills and begin to use them with more ease. The numbers and letters that they were struggling to write on worksheets previously can now be turned into more difficult material, and second graders are able to analyze problems more thoroughly to develop solutions.

Reading and writing skills improve

In the area of language and literacy, second grade students start to see dramatic improvements. At the start of the school year, students can complete basic homeschool worksheets on reading and writing. As the year progresses, they will be able to take on more difficult worksheets and books in the classroom and at home.

The important focus at this stage is for students to become fluent in reading before progressing to harder books. Many students will start to develop a flair for story writing as they become familiar with sentence structure. Penmanship improves, and in some schools, cursive writing may be introduced. If your child is still struggling with writing letter correctly, consider using printable worksheets for practice. Encourage your second grader to write from different points of view, while emphasizing punctuation and proper spelling.


Introduction to complex math concepts

In math, the concepts also become more complex. Second graders have a better grasp of number order, as well as group numbers, but they may not always be able to physically count to high numbers. Most math concepts in second grade build on the basic skills learned the previous year, including adding and subtracting two-digit numbers. Some teacher worksheets include the introduction of multiplication and division, and some second grade classes will start working on the times table and memorization of basic multiplication facts.

Exploring the environment around them

Many second graders enjoy opening their minds to the excitement of science, since it involves the world around them. They may start to make predictions on the phenomenon that occur in the world around them. For instance, they may discuss whether items will float or sink, or make predictions on the weather. They will start to discuss natural resources and how they are used. It can be a good time to go over the importance of energy conservation as well. Some classes will delve into the history of the planet by examining fossils, while others will look more deeply at the different plant and animal groups. In some schools, students may be responsible for caring for a class pet, teaching them about the biological functioning of life.

Opening their eyes to the international world

Social Studies can also be an exciting subject, especially if your second grader attends an ethnically diverse school. Social Studies will discuss how communities and regions work together, as well as the different cultures and customs. Students also focus on resolving conflict or misunderstandings appropriately.

Second graders are more mature than they were a year ago, and they no longer require experiences to learn things. However, they may have difficulty imagining places or items that they have never seen. Nonetheless, they are much better at understanding information and new concepts, and they can start to compare items in the world around them. Socially, they are starting to show more concern about how they see and other people see themselves.

Second grade is an exciting time, where students both learn new concepts and build on information that they have already learned.