What Were Original 13 American Colonies?
Before America became the United States, it was just a group of 13 colonies. The English tried to start a North American colony in the 1580s on Roanoke Island off North Carolina. Settlers stayed over there for a year and returned to their homes. Another group arrived in 1587, but they somehow mysteriously disappeared. Later, a third group settled in Jamestown, Virginia. The colony faced great difficulties but was successful. Over the next century, the English established 13 colonies. Virginia, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Georgia, Delaware, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, North Carolina, Maryland. By 1750 almost 2 million Europeans live in American colonies. Still, some came from Africa. Most of whom were transported to the U.S. as slaves.
The Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in the new World. It was named after King James the first. It was founded on May 13, 1607 in the state of Virginia. In 1696, English entrepreneurs set sail with a charted from the Virginia Company of London to establish a colony in the new World. The voyage lasted a total of five months on three ships named The Discovery, the Godspeed, and Susan Constant with Captain Christopher Newport in charge of all three.
In the 16th and 17th century many people were seeking "purity" from religious control in England. These people were known as puritans or separatists because they left England to separate themselves from the Church of England which was under control of King James I. Most of the Puritans who left England to come to the New World settled in The New England states located on the Northern east coast of the United States. Between 1630 and 1640 0ver 13,000 men, women, and children sailed to Massachusetts.
In July, 1778, the first all African-American unit of soldiers in the Revolutionary War was formed in the state of Rhode Island. This group of soldiers was called the 1st Rhode Island Regiment. These AfricanAmerican soldiers fought in the Battle of Rhode Island later in 1778 and also fought at the Battle of Yorktown. The Battle of Yorktown, won by George Washington and his army, was the last battle of the Revolutionary War and gave the colonies their freedom.
In the map in Figure 1 the colony of New Hampshire is shown in bright green and the colony of New York is in aqua. New Hampshire originally claimed the aqua area to the west shown as part of New York. But in 1765 the English king gave this land to New York.
Put the name of the colony in the right place on the map. The original 13 colonies were: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Virginia.
The American colonies were originally owned and governed by Great Britain. But people in Massachusetts rebelled at "taxation without representation" meaning they paid taxes without any say in how the government was run. Patrick Henry gave his famous speech saying, "Give me liberty or give me death!" and Thomas Paine wrote in a pamphlet called Common Sense that it didn't make sense to be ruled by king who lived nearly 5,000 miles away.
The state of New York today has a different shape than it did when it was a colony. Today New York State reaches to Lake Ontario to the west and Lake Champlain to the east. The area west of New Hampshire and east of Lake Champlain that was a part of colonial New York is now the state of Vermont.
Native Americans are the people who were here in America before the explorers and settlers arrived in the late 1400’s. They comprise a large number of distinct tribes, states, and ethnic groups, many of which still endure as political communities. In the nineteenth century, the incessant westward expansion of the United States incrementally compelled large numbers of Native Americans to resettle further west, often by force, almost always reluctantly. Under President Andrew Jackson, the United States Congress passed the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which authorized the President to conduct treaties to exchange Native American land east of the Mississippi River for lands west of the river.
Triangular Trade was a trade exchange route that formed between The Americas, Europe and Africa. The trade route was a key for survival between many people. The trade between these nations proved to be very risky often involving slavery, raw materials, and/or goods.