The Five Parts of Reading
Just because we can say words that are written on page aloud or properly pronunciate a paragraphs worth of information, this does not mean that you are a strong reader. There are a series of components that can be thought of that make an accomplished reader. Young readers that can process these skills well become strong assured fluent readers. Reading is rooted in phonics which is attributing sounds to written letters. This is the foundation of reading. In our staff’s opinion, we strongly believe that people that grow up on phonics become better lifelong spellers. We then take this foundation and build upon it by pivoting to mastering phonemes or units of sound. This helps us be able to breakdown and understand and pronounce words that are unfamiliar to us. This helps us build large vocabularies which we can build and use through speaking and listening. Once we have our sight words down and use these skills to be able to decode new words this ultimately leads to fluency. Once we achieve fluency, reading becomes much less of a task and it enables us to feel free to learn all types of new things. At this point we can focus on building our comprehension of what we read and the journey to accumulating knowledge becomes endless.
We have explored how to improve the way we teach reading with our two articles:
Top 10 Tips for Teaching Basic Reading Skills
Reading Learning Centers Aid Skills